Boston Hockey Roots

normal“Boston Evening Gazette” Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A., Saturday, November 5, 1859.   A visiting journalist from New England wrote a piece about Winter Sports in Nova Scotia telling of the marvellous skaters and describing the new game played on ice called Ricket, Hurley or Hockey. The editor of the paper added a note saying that he had sent to Nova Scotia for a set of hurley sticks so that the game could be tried in the Boston area. He pointed out that Nova Scotians were then referring to the sticks by the name of “hockey”. Actually, the game at that time was referred to by interchangeable names, Hurley and Hockey, and a stick used to play the game was likewise called a “Hurley” or a “Hockey”.

News Accounts | Birthplace of Hockey

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Early Kingston Skating Rinks


I’ve put together a chronology and history of skating rinks in Kingston.

Although most of their early rinks were built for curling only.(1850-1890)(1)

In 1862 G.A Kirkpatrick built a large wooden building situated on King

and Emily streets called “the King street skating rink” used by the skating club of

Kingston as a rink.(2)

It was converted to a machine shop by 1870.(3)

In 1890 the Richardson Rink was built on the Queen’s University campus and

lasted until 1922 when it was burned down.(4)

The Jock Harty Arena replacing it that same year.

It too was lost in a fire.

Which lead to the second Jock Harty Arena in 1924.(5)

Eventually that was demolished also in 1968.

The third Jock Harty Arena was built in 1970 and torn down in 2007.(5)

Since late 2007 the Queens team plays at the old Memorial Centre opened in


(1) The Ottawa Journal on

(2) Archives Search – Library and Archives Canada…lang…

(3) Daily News (Kingston, ON), 12 Dec 1870: Maritime History of the …


(5) Queen’s Encyclopedia – Jock Harty Arena – Queen’s University › Home › J

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The Evolution Of Hockey At St.Paul’s School 1856-Present


The modern game of Ice Hockey started to develop in some Canadian cities by the 1800’s.

In Halifax,Nova Scotia they were now officially calling the game

Shinny (A combination of Lacrosse,Bandy,Scottish Shinty,Irish Hurling

and Native American Shinny).

The game was then transfered over to Kingston,Ontario on Christmas Day 1855. Played on a frozen harbour by the Royal Canadian Rifles using 50 players per side.

A year later on April 3rd,1856 a Boston physician named George Shattuck and Henry Coit opened a private school in Concord,New Hampshire called St.Paul’s School.

Although initially built for educational purposes.

Physical athletics was also asserted into the school’s program in 1856.

Shinny was played on Turkey Pond during the winter of 1856.


Then the game Shinny was renamed Hockey (circa 1857 at Fort Edward,NS)

It was also renamed Hockey at St.Paul’s as well by 1860.

The transformation of Hockey to Ice Polo then took place later on circa 1878.

Then a traveling faculty member at St.Paul’s School named James Potter Conover visited Montreal in 1880-81 he witnessed a Hockey match and brought back sticks,rules,and a leather Puck to the school in Concord.

Additional rules were then written down in 1883,1884,and 1885.

By 1894 the school had adopted many aspects of the Canadian style of play

dropping from 11 men per side to 7 men per side.

As the game grew into the 20th century many stars were starting to emerge

and in 1906 a young kid from Philadelphia named ”Hobey Baker” had entered the program.


In his first year there he and his teammates

defeated the Harvard Crimson 7-5.

Then Defeated the Princeton Tigers 4-0 in 1908.

Shortly after that he enrolled into the Princeton program

where his play was nothing short of brilliant scoring 120 goals

and adding over 100 assists in only 40+ games.(1910-14)

After Princeton he then joined the St.Nicholas Hockey Club of the AAHL were

he was discovered by Harry Hyland(A Stanley Cup winner for the Montreal Wanderers in 1910 and great grandfather of Sidney Crosby).

Harry had offered Baker a contract with the Montreal Canadians but turned it down.

Unfortunately while enlisted in the army overseas he passed away while flying a plane in France.

One of his greatest accomplishments was scoring 11 goals in a game against Williams College in 1912.

St.Paul’s School still continues to produce Great Hockey players to this day.

It’s the oldest Hockey School in the country 1856 to Present.

Early American Hockey

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The History of Hockey in Canada

FileMcGill-hockey-matchAs Hockey began to spread around Canada by the 1800’s it became a National Treasure and Pastime for most of the country.

It all started in a little town by the name of Windsor, Nova Scotia.
With the arrival of Charles Inglis and William Cochran.

Charles was born in Ireland then later worked in New York City’s Trinity Church at King’s College.(Columbia University today)

Following the evacuation of the British in the American Revolutionary War
he then returned to Britian in 1783.
After returning to the States as an Anglican Bishop.
He then opened a new King’s College, Windsor, Nova Scotia in 1788.

William Cochran, the school’s first president, introduced Ice-Hurley to his student’s C.1790.

While skating and playing Hurley on the ice on Long Pond would eventually become “Hockey” as we know today.

The sport was then transferred to places all over North America.

It was in Montreal where the first Indoor official Ice-Hockey game was played.

On March,the 3rd, 1875 James Creighton of Halifax organized two teams from McGill University to play each other inside the Victoria Skating Rink in Montreal.

After becoming an instant hit in Montreal it lead to the formation of the Winter Carnival in 1883.(Hockey’s first Championship Tournament)

Then in 1886 the Amateur Hockey Association(A precursor to the NHL)
was Organized in Montreal.
With this came the Montreal A.A.A Hockey Club winning 10 Championships in a row from 1885-1894.(Including the first two Stanley Cups)

Truly Hockey’s First Dynasty.

With the Birth of the Stanley Cup already by 1893, Hockey’s Popularity
was such in Canada that almost every town from coast by coast had a team and rink to play on.

Teams would compete for this Coveted Prize every year and star players began to emerge.

The original Amateur Hockey Association gradually became the NHL in 1917.
The four founding teams were the Ottawa Senators,Toronto Maple leafs(then called the Arenas), the Montreal Wanderers, and the Montreal Canadians.

Although there were many expansion teams in North America by the 1920’s.
It wasn’t until 1942 that the original six era was born.
Teams were now the Chicago Blackhawks,New York Rangers, Boston Bruins, Detroit Red wings, Montreal Canadians,and the Toronto Maple Leafs.

During this time(1942-1967)the Montreal Canadians and Toronto Maple Leafs pretty much dominated the league winning 10 cups each.

When the NHL decided to add 6 new teams in the 1967 it formed a new era.
This era lead to more expansion teams.

With the domination of American Clubs(Winning the last 21 Stanley Cups)
Hockey’s popularity has definitely grown in the States.

Although If it wasn’t for Canada there would be no Stanley Cup, no NHL,and no Indoor rinks to play in.


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